Luxembourg, with its ancient civilization, has a wide variety of historical places that tourists will be interested in. Among these are Luxembourg City, the capital of the country, the Ardennes mountains, famous for its great scenery, and Mullerthal, also known as â€œthe little Switzerlandâ€.
A recipient of UNESCOâ€™s World Heritage Site status, Luxembourg City plays a remarkable role in the countryâ€™s tourist organizations. The ancient fortress of the city still reflects the ancient civilizations who lived on those lands, the wars and challenges between them, and a link between the past and the present. In both sunny and cloudy weather of the summer, it is interesting to take a walk from the train station to the Old Town, which boasts fascinating views over the valley and to the ancient fortress which hosted hundreds of emperors, duchesses and visiting dignitaries in the medieval history of the city. The Vlaudt Bridge offers magnificent views of the fortress and down onto the Petrusse River which flows beneath.
The historical importance of the city comes from the fact that Luxembourg Fortress has always been a place of invading conflict and hard fought defensive stand. After several attacks the ancient building was restored and consolidated in order to reject further invasions from more powerful attackers, including the French and Prussian armies. When the independence of the country was legally pronounced, and the fortress was declared to be demolished, Luxembourg people were forced to lose their most important and potent symbolic building throughout the history of their country. Nonetheless, the remains of the fortress are still in evidence, so tourists today have the chance to observe parts of one of the greatest structures to be built in the region’s ancient past.
The remains of the fortress, with some of its casemates and tunnels provide a fascinating opportunity to journey back into the past. They are open to visitors during the summer tourist season and exploring is limited to just some of its extensive maze of underground galleries (casemates) and tunnels for security and safety reasons. Starting from Wenzelâ€™s Walk, one can investigate the historical impact of the fortress further, reaching Bock Casemates in ninety minutes. Casemates can also be seen after an exhaustive climb to the Petrusse Casemates where the valley is steep and long.
The Old Town attracts many tourists every year and various market events are held during the summer tourist week. The Grand-Ducal Palace is a few blocks away from Place Guillaume, the center of market activity held in the area. The many churches of the town are worth seeing for any visitor, especially Cathedral Notre Dame, just recently built. On the left of Grand-Ducal Palace, sits National dâ€™Historie et dâ€™Art Luxembourg, where detailed information about the history of the town can be found.
Ardennes is a place where one can find almost any tone of green in nature. Having most of its territory full of dense forests, this place is rich in landscape and a wonderful place for nature sightseeing activities. The region is typically divided up into portions by slow-flowing rivers lying between the valleys. This natural beauty is the idyllic landscape loved by locals and visitors alike.
Mullerthal is often proclaimed to be the best place to visit in Luxembourg, mainly due to its extremely beautiful landscape and picturesque vistas. There are also festivals going on throughout the summer, and tourists take advantage of the opportunity to party and have a good time. The largest town in the area, Echeternach, is perhaps the best place to base oneself for a tour of â€œLittle Switzerlandâ€. Although there are only a few places to explore in the town, a huge music festival is held at the end of the summer helping newcomers to understand the local rituals and fun loving character of the Luxembourgish people.